• Early recognition of a concussion and telling someone early can improve the outcome of your recovery.
  • Concussion is often referred to the injury of individual differences, Meaning one person will have one symptom (e.g., headache), while another person will experience several symptoms (e.g., headache, memory disturbance and light sensitivity). 
  • The list of symptoms that are possible with concussion is long….see page 2 in this tool for a good reference: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/47/5/259.full.pdf
  • It’s important to take note of all of your symptoms. Good identification helps in the proper management of your recovery and can improve your recovery outcome.
  •  Initially you may be advised to rest, both physically and cognitively.  Adequate recovery time appears to be crucial to better outcomes. Consult your medical practitioner about when and how much activity to add.
  •  Being too active during your recovery time puts you at risk for a longer recovery.
  •  Concussion symptoms resolve at different times for different people.
  •  It ‘s important to recognize that psychological symptoms such as depression and anxiety can develop after a concussion. These symptoms are common and there are effective methods for treating them.
  •  Good sleep & nutritional habits as well as adequate hydration will help with recovery. Avoid using alcohol or recreational drugs.
  •  To date, the scientific evidence isn’t conclusive  on whether supplements are effective in expediting concussion recovery.
  •  Having a concussion can cause an individual to feel isolated and worried about symptoms and getting back to normal.  It’s important to recognize that long-term “rest” and isolation can be detrimental.
  • Post-Concussion Syndrome happens when symptoms persist much longer than is typical for recovery.  The World Health Organization says symptoms lasting more than 30+ days.
  • Post Concussion Syndrome is a complex interaction of symptoms and should be addressed by  multiple healthcare professionals.
  •  Our understanding of concussion now is that it is a metabolic injury to the cells in the brain.  This video illustrates this concept very well: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6HB8HSlC-k